2024年05月25日星期六

元朝

元曲《〔中吕〕朱履曲·才上马齐声儿喝道》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕朱履曲才上马①齐声儿喝道②,只这的③便是送了人的根苗④​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。直引到深坑里恰心焦⑤​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​...

元曲《〔中吕〕朱履曲》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕朱履曲那的是①为官荣贵,止不过多吃些筵席​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。更不呵②安插些旧相知③​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​...

元曲《〔中吕〕迎仙客》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕迎仙客秋夜雨乍晴,月笼明,秋香院落砧杵①鸣​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。二三更,千万声​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·赠茶肆》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲赠茶肆茶烟一缕轻轻飏,搅动兰膏①四座香,烹煎②妙手赛维扬​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。非是谎,下马试来尝​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·笑将红袖遮银烛》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲题情笑将红袖遮银烛,不放①才郎夜看书​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。相偎相抱取欢娱,止不过迭②应举,及第待何如?译文笑呵呵地用宽大的红...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·题情》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲题情从来好事①天生俭②,自古瓜儿苦后甜​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。奶娘催逼紧拘钳③,甚是严,越间阻④越情忺⑤​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·墨磨北海乌龙角》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲志气墨磨北海乌龙角①,笔蘸南山紫兔毫②,花笺③铺展砚台高,诗气豪,凭换紫罗袍④​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。译文我使用的墨,是用北海...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·闺怨》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲闺怨妾身悔作商人妇,妾命当逢薄幸①夫​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。别时只说到东吴,三载余,却得广州书​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·别情》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲别情多情①去后香留枕,好梦回时②冷透衾​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。闷愁山重海来深​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·笔头风月时时过》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲笔头风月①时时过,眼底儿曹②渐渐多​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。有人问我事如何,人海阔③,无日不风波④​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲·百忙里铰甚鞋儿样》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲题情百忙里铰①甚鞋儿样?寂寞罗帏冷篆香②,向前搂定可憎娘③,止不过赶嫁妆,误了又何妨?译文这么忙的时候,你还剪什么鞋儿样?寂寞的罗帏里,已经冷落了篆香​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕阳春曲》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕阳春曲知几知荣知辱①牢缄口,谁是谁非暗点头​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。诗书丛里且淹留②​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕喜春来过》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕喜春来过普天乐琉璃殿①暖香浮细,翡翠帘②深卷燕迟​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。夕阳芳草小亭西​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​...

元曲《〔中吕〕喜春来》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕喜春来路逢饿殍①须亲问,道遇流民必细询​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。满城都道好官人​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕十二月过尧民歌》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕十二月过尧民歌别情自别后遥山隐隐,更那堪远水粼粼​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。见杨柳飞绵①滚滚,对桃花醉脸醺醺②​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·寓兴》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊寓兴鹏抟①九万,腰缠十万②,扬州鹤背③骑来惯​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。事间关④,景阑珊⑤,黄金不富英雄汉​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·与人方便救人危患》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊与人方便,救人危患,休趋①富汉欺穷汉​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。恶非难②,善为难③,细推物理④皆虚幻,但得个美名儿⑤留在世间​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·于人诚信》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊于人诚信,于官清正,居于乡里宜和顺​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。莫亏心,莫贪名,人生万事皆前定​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·阴随阴报》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊阴随阴报①,阳随阳报,不以其道②成家道,枉劬劳③,不坚牢​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。钱财人口皆凶兆④​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·如何是良贵》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊如何是良贵①,如何是珍味②,所行所做依仁义​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。淡黄虀③,也似堂食④​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·江山如画》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊江山如画,茅檐低厦①​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。妻蚕缫婢织红奴耕稼​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·闺思》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊闺思云松①螺髻②,香温鸳被③,掩春闺④一觉伤春睡​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。柳花飞,小琼姬,一声雪下呈祥瑞⑤,团圆梦儿生唤起​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊·峰峦如聚》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊潼关怀古峰峦如聚①,波涛如怒②,山河表里潼关路③​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。望西都④,意踌蹰⑤,伤心秦汉经行⑥处,宫阙万间都做了土...

元曲《〔中吕〕山坡羊》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕山坡羊青霄有路①,黄金无数,劝君万事从宽恕​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。富之余,贵也余,望将后代儿孙护​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕普天乐·树杈枒藤缠挂​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕普天乐树杈枒,藤缠挂​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。冲烟塞雁,接翅①昏鸦​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕普天乐·嘲西席》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕普天乐嘲西席讲诗书,习功课​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。爷娘行①孝顺,兄弟行谦和​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌...

元曲《〔中吕〕普天乐》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕普天乐柳丝柔,莎茵①细​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。数枝红杏,闹出墙围​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕满庭芳》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕满庭芳看岳王传披文握武①,建中兴庙宇②,载青史图书③​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。功成却被权臣妒,正落奸谋​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍...

元曲《〔中吕〕卖花声》原文、译文、注释、赏析

〔中吕〕卖花声怀古美人①自刎乌江岸②,战火曾烧赤壁山③​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。将军空老玉门关④​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​...

元曲《〔中吕〕红绣鞋·晚秋》原文、译文、注释、赏析

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