2024年04月19日星期五

经典文章

《左传》经典散文与赏析

左传左传《左传》,即《春秋左氏传》,亦称《左氏春秋》,是我国古代一部记事的编年史,儒家列为“十三经”之一​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。这部著作记录...

《邹忌讽齐威王纳谏》经典散文与赏析

邹忌讽齐威王纳谏邹忌讽齐威王纳谏邹忌修八尺有余,而形貌昳丽​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。朝服衣冠,窥镜,谓其妻曰:“我孰与城北徐公美?”其妻曰:“...

《邹 阳》经典散文与赏析

邹 阳邹阳邹阳(生卒年不详),临淄(今山东临淄)人,西汉文学家​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。汉文帝时初在吴王濞下任职,以文辩著称​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌...

《子鱼论战》经典散文与赏析

子鱼论战子鱼论战楚人伐宋以救郑​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。宋公将战,大司马固谏曰:“天之弃商久矣,君将兴之,弗可赦也已​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​...

《子路曾晳冉有公西华侍坐》经典散文与赏析

子路曾晳冉有公西华侍坐子路曾晳冉有公西华侍坐子路、曾晳、冉有、公西华侍坐​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。子曰:“以吾一日长乎尔,毋吾以也​‍‌‍​‍...

《庄子》经典散文与赏析

庄子庄子庄子(约前369—前286年),名周,战国时蒙(今河南商丘)人,著名思想家、文学家​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。他曾做过蒙地漆园(地名)的...

《郑子产相国》经典散文与赏析

郑子产相国郑子产相国子产之从政也,择能而使之​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。冯简子能断大事;子大叔美秀而文;公孙挥能知四国之为,而辨于其大夫之族性、...

《郑伯克段于鄢》经典散文与赏析

郑伯克段于鄢郑伯克段于鄢初,郑武公娶于申,曰武姜​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。生庄公及共叔段​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​...

《召公谏厉王弭谤》经典散文与赏析

召公谏厉王弭谤召公谏厉王弭谤厉王虐,国人谤王​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。召公告曰:“民不堪命矣​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

《长沮桀溺耦而耕》经典散文与赏析

长沮桀溺耦而耕长沮桀溺耦而耕长沮、桀溺耦而耕​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。孔子过之,使子路问津焉​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

《战国策序》经典散文与赏析

战国策序战国策序护左都水使者、光禄大夫臣向言:所校中《战国策》书,中书余卷,错乱相糅,莒有国别者八,篇少不足​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。臣向因国...

《战国策》经典散文与赏析

战国策战国策《战国策》,或曰《国策》、《国事》、《短长》、《事语》、《长书》,西汉时经刘向整理改编,定名为《战国策》,相沿至今​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌...

《狱中上梁王书》经典散文与赏析

狱中上梁王书狱中上梁王书臣闻“忠无不报,信不见疑”,臣常以为然,徒虚语耳​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。昔者荆轲慕燕丹之义,白虹贯日,太子畏之​‍‌...

《鱼我所欲也》经典散文与赏析

鱼我所欲也鱼我所欲也鱼,我所欲也;熊掌,亦我所欲也,二者不可得兼,舍鱼而取熊掌者也​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。生,亦我所欲也;义,亦我所欲也:二...

《有为神农之言者许行》经典散文与赏析

有为神农之言者许行有为神农之言者许行有为神农之言者许行,自楚之滕,踵门而告文公曰:“远方之人,闻君行仁政,愿受一廛而为氓​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍...

《遗黄琼书》经典散文与赏析

遗黄琼书遗黄琼书闻已度伊洛,近在万岁亭,岂即事有渐,将顺王命乎?盖君子谓“伯夷隘,柳下惠不恭”,故传曰:“不夷不惠,可否之间​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍...

《移让太常博士书》经典散文与赏析

移让太常博士书移让太常博士书昔唐虞既衰,而三代迭兴,圣帝明王,累起相袭,其道甚著​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。周室既微,而礼乐不正,道之难全也如此...

《杨 恽》经典散文与赏析

杨 恽杨恽杨恽(?—前54年),字子幼,华阴(今陕西华阴县)人,司马迁外孙,父杨敞,汉昭帝时为丞相​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。恽素有才干,好结交...

《扬 雄》经典散文与赏析

扬 雄扬雄扬雄(前53—18年),字子云,西汉蜀郡成都(今属四川)人​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。自少好学,博览群书​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

《晏子春秋》经典散文与赏析

晏子春秋晏子春秋《晏子春秋》,旧题晏婴撰​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。晏子(?—前500年),名婴,字平仲,齐国夷雄(今山东高密)人,春秋时期的著...

《颜斶说齐王》经典散文与赏析

颜斶说齐王颜斶说齐王齐宣王见颜斶,曰:“斶前!”斶亦曰:“王前!”宣王不悦​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。左右曰:“王,人君也;斶,人臣也​‍‌‍​...

《荀子》经典散文与赏析

荀子荀子作者荀况(前313—前238年),赵国安泽(今山西安泽)人,时人尊称他为荀卿,汉人因避宣帝讳(名询),改称孙卿​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​...

《学记(节选)》经典散文与赏析

学记(节选)学记(节选)玉不琢,不成器;人不学,不知道​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。是故古之王者,建国君民,教学为先​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌...

《新论·求辅(节选)》经典散文与赏析

新论·求辅(节选)新论·求辅(节选)昔秦王见周室之失统,丧权于诸侯,自以当保有九州​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。见万民碌碌,犹群羊聚猪,皆可以竿而...

《项羽本纪(节选)》经典散文与赏析

项羽本纪(节选)司马迁司马迁(约前145—?年),字子长,夏阳(今陕西韩城)人,父司马谈曾任汉武帝太史令​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。司马迁少时从...

《伍举论章华之台》经典散文与赏析

伍举论章华之台伍举论章华之台灵王为章华之台,与伍举升焉,曰:“台美夫!”对曰:“臣闻国君服宠以为美,安民以为乐,听德以为聪,致远以为明​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​...

《五蠹(节选)》经典散文与赏析

五蠹(节选)五蠹(节选)上古之世,人民少而禽兽众,人民不胜禽兽虫蛇​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。有圣人作,构木为巢,以避群害,而民悦之,使王天下,...

《无逸》经典散文与赏析

无逸尚书《尚书》,即上古之书,亦称“书经”,是一部记言的古史​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。其内容大多是有关政治的一些言论和史事​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍...

《魏公子列传》经典散文与赏析

魏公子列传魏公子列传魏公子无忌者,魏昭王少子,而魏安釐王异母弟也​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。昭王薨,安釐王即位,封公子为信陵君​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌...

《王孙满对楚子》经典散文与赏析

王孙满对楚子王孙满对楚子楚子伐陆浑之戎,遂至于洛,观兵于周疆​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。定王使王孙满劳楚子,楚子问鼎之大小轻重焉​‍‌‍​‍‌‍...

《王 充》经典散文与赏析

王 充王充王充(27—约97年),字仲任,东汉会稽上虞人​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。出身于“细族孤门”​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​...

《天下皆知美之为美》经典散文与赏析

天下皆知美之为美天下皆知美之为美天下皆知美之为美,斯恶已;皆知善之为善,斯不善已​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。故有无相生,难易相成,长短相形,高下...

《天时不如地利》经典散文与赏析

天时不如地利天时不如地利天时不如地利,地利不如人和​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍​​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍‌‍​。三里之城,七里之郭,环而攻之而不胜​‍‌‍​‍‌‍‌‍​‍​‍‌‍...

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